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音调、和弦和音阶

音调、和弦和音阶

如果你没法立即反应62或者c3是什么音,用Sonic Pi作曲对你来说可能会很难。对此我们可以用简易键盘来试音。你还可以在下拉菜单中选择合适的音阶。

Select scale:
Range [C3-B5]
(使用左/右箭头调整键盘)

音频合成器,由Keith William Horwood创建

演奏哪些和弦和音符?

当然了,你想演奏什么都行,本来也没有对错。音乐不一定要完全和谐,艺术家们可以随意添加不和谐因素甚至是噪音。但如果你愿意的话,也是有一些规则可以遵循的。

如果你的作品在某个调上,比如C大调,有个和弦特别棒。下面的表格是一些相互配合和谐的爵士和弦。这里有更多的和弦进行:lotusmusic.com/chord-progression-map.html

Common chord progressions in major I - IV - V I - VI - IV - V II - V - I
Major key I II III IV V VI
C chord(:C, :major7) chord(:D, :minor7) chord(:E, :minor7) chord(:F, :major7) chord(:G, "7") chord(:A, :minor7)
Db chord(:Db, :major7) chord(:Eb, :minor7) chord(:F, :minor7) chord(:Gb, :major7) chord(:Ab, "7") chord(:Bb, :minor7)
D chord(:D, :major7) chord(:E, :minor7) chord(:Gb, :minor7) chord(:G, :major7) chord(:A, "7") chord(:B, :minor7)
Eb chord(:Eb, :major7) chord(:F, :minor7) chord(:G, :minor7) chord(:Ab, :major7) chord(:Bb, "7") chord(:C, :minor7)
E chord(:E, :major7) chord(:Gb, :minor7) chord(:Ab, :minor7) chord(:A, :major7) chord(:B, "7") chord(:Db, :minor7)
F chord(:F, :major7) chord(:G, :minor7) chord(:A, :minor7) chord(:Bb, :major7) chord(:C, "7") chord(:D, :minor7)
Gb chord(:Gb, :major7) chord(:Ab, :minor7) chord(:Bb, :minor7) chord(:Cb, :major7) chord(:Db, "7") chord(:Eb, :minor7)
G chord(:G, :major7) chord(:A, :minor7) chord(:B, :minor7) chord(:C, :major7) chord(:D, "7") chord(:E, :minor7)
Ab chord(:Ab, :major7) chord(:Bb, :minor7) chord(:C, :minor7) chord(:Db, :major7) chord(:Eb, "7") chord(:F, :minor7)
A chord(:A, :major7) chord(:B, :minor7) chord(:Db, :minor7) chord(:D, :major7) chord(:E, "7") chord(:Gb, :minor7)
Bb chord(:Bb, :major7) chord(:C, :minor7) chord(:D, :minor7) chord(:Eb, :major7) chord(:F, "7") chord(:G, :minor7)
B chord(:B, :major7) chord(:Db, :minor7) chord(:Eb, :minor7) chord(:E, :major7) chord(:Gb, "7") chord(:Ab, :minor7)
Common chord progressions in natural minor I - VI - VII I - IV - VII I - IV - V I - VI - III - VII II - V - I
Minor key I II III IV V VI VII
Cm chord(:C, :minor7) chord(:D, "m7-5") chord(:Eb, :major7) chord(:F, :minor7) chord(:G, :minor7) chord(:Ab, :major7) chord(:Bb, "7")
Ddm chord(:Dd, :minor7) chord(:Eb, "m7-5") chord(:E, :major7) chord(:Gb, :minor7) chord(:Ab, :minor7) chord(:A, :major7) chord(:B, "7")
Dm chord(:D, :minor7) chord(:E, "m7-5") chord(:F, :major7) chord(:G, :minor7) chord(:A, :minor7) chord(:Bb, :major7) chord(:C, "7")
Ebm chord(:Eb, :minor7) chord(:F, "m7-5") chord(:Gb, :major7) chord(:Ab, :minor7) chord(:Bb, :minor7) chord(:B, :major7) chord(:Db, "7")
Em chord(:E, :minor7) chord(:Gb, "m7-5") chord(:G, :major7) chord(:A, :minor7) chord(:B, :minor7) chord(:C, :major7) chord(:D, "7")
Fm chord(:F, :minor7) chord(:G, "m7-5") chord(:Ab, :major7) chord(:Bb, :minor7) chord(:C, :minor7) chord(:Db, :major7) chord(:Eb, "7")
Gbm chord(:Gb, :minor7) chord(:Ab, "m7-5") chord(:A, :major7) chord(:B, :minor7) chord(:Db, :minor7) chord(:D, :major7) chord(:E, "7")
Gm chord(:G, :minor7) chord(:A, "m7-5") chord(:Bb, :major7) chord(:C, :minor7) chord(:D, :minor7) chord(:Eb, :major7) chord(:F, "7")
Abm chord(:Ab, :minor7) chord(:Bb, "m7-5") chord(:B, :major7) chord(:Db, :minor7) chord(:Eb, :minor7) chord(:E, :major7) chord(:Gb, "7")
Am chord(:A, :minor7) chord(:B, "m7-5") chord(:C, :major7) chord(:D, :minor7) chord(:E, :minor7) chord(:F, :major7) chord(:G, "7")
Bbm chord(:Bb, :minor7) chord(:C, "m7-5") chord(:Db, :major7) chord(:Eb, :minor7) chord(:F, :minor7) chord(:Gb, :major7) chord(:Ab, "7")
Bm chord(:B, :minor7) chord(:Db, "m7-5") chord(:D, :major7) chord(:E, :minor7) chord(:Gb, :minor7) chord(:G, :major7) chord(:A, "7")