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音調、和弦和音階

音調、和弦和音階

如果你沒法立即反應62或者c3是什麼音,用Sonic Pi作曲對你來說可能會很難。對此我們可以用簡易鍵盤來試音。你還可以在下拉式功能表中選擇合適的音階。

Select scale:
Range [C3-B5]
(使用左/右箭頭調整鍵盤)

音訊合成器,由Keith William Horwood創建

演奏哪些和弦和音符?

當然了,你想演奏什麼都行,本來也沒有對錯。音樂不一定要完全和諧,藝術家們可以隨意添加不和諧因素甚至是噪音。但如果你願意的話,也是有一些規則可以遵循的。

如果你的作品在某個調上,比如C大調,有個和弦特別棒。下面的表格是一些相互配合和諧的爵士和弦。這裡有更多的和弦進行:lotusmusic.com/chord-progression-map.html

Common chord progressions in major I - IV - V I - VI - IV - V II - V - I
Major key I II III IV V VI
C chord(:C, :major7) chord(:D, :minor7) chord(:E, :minor7) chord(:F, :major7) chord(:G, "7") chord(:A, :minor7)
Db chord(:Db, :major7) chord(:Eb, :minor7) chord(:F, :minor7) chord(:Gb, :major7) chord(:Ab, "7") chord(:Bb, :minor7)
D chord(:D, :major7) chord(:E, :minor7) chord(:Gb, :minor7) chord(:G, :major7) chord(:A, "7") chord(:B, :minor7)
Eb chord(:Eb, :major7) chord(:F, :minor7) chord(:G, :minor7) chord(:Ab, :major7) chord(:Bb, "7") chord(:C, :minor7)
E chord(:E, :major7) chord(:Gb, :minor7) chord(:Ab, :minor7) chord(:A, :major7) chord(:B, "7") chord(:Db, :minor7)
F chord(:F, :major7) chord(:G, :minor7) chord(:A, :minor7) chord(:Bb, :major7) chord(:C, "7") chord(:D, :minor7)
Gb chord(:Gb, :major7) chord(:Ab, :minor7) chord(:Bb, :minor7) chord(:Cb, :major7) chord(:Db, "7") chord(:Eb, :minor7)
G chord(:G, :major7) chord(:A, :minor7) chord(:B, :minor7) chord(:C, :major7) chord(:D, "7") chord(:E, :minor7)
Ab chord(:Ab, :major7) chord(:Bb, :minor7) chord(:C, :minor7) chord(:Db, :major7) chord(:Eb, "7") chord(:F, :minor7)
A chord(:A, :major7) chord(:B, :minor7) chord(:Db, :minor7) chord(:D, :major7) chord(:E, "7") chord(:Gb, :minor7)
Bb chord(:Bb, :major7) chord(:C, :minor7) chord(:D, :minor7) chord(:Eb, :major7) chord(:F, "7") chord(:G, :minor7)
B chord(:B, :major7) chord(:Db, :minor7) chord(:Eb, :minor7) chord(:E, :major7) chord(:Gb, "7") chord(:Ab, :minor7)
Common chord progressions in natural minor I - VI - VII I - IV - VII I - IV - V I - VI - III - VII II - V - I
Minor key I II III IV V VI VII
Cm chord(:C, :minor7) chord(:D, "m7-5") chord(:Eb, :major7) chord(:F, :minor7) chord(:G, :minor7) chord(:Ab, :major7) chord(:Bb, "7")
Ddm chord(:Dd, :minor7) chord(:Eb, "m7-5") chord(:E, :major7) chord(:Gb, :minor7) chord(:Ab, :minor7) chord(:A, :major7) chord(:B, "7")
Dm chord(:D, :minor7) chord(:E, "m7-5") chord(:F, :major7) chord(:G, :minor7) chord(:A, :minor7) chord(:Bb, :major7) chord(:C, "7")
Ebm chord(:Eb, :minor7) chord(:F, "m7-5") chord(:Gb, :major7) chord(:Ab, :minor7) chord(:Bb, :minor7) chord(:B, :major7) chord(:Db, "7")
Em chord(:E, :minor7) chord(:Gb, "m7-5") chord(:G, :major7) chord(:A, :minor7) chord(:B, :minor7) chord(:C, :major7) chord(:D, "7")
Fm chord(:F, :minor7) chord(:G, "m7-5") chord(:Ab, :major7) chord(:Bb, :minor7) chord(:C, :minor7) chord(:Db, :major7) chord(:Eb, "7")
Gbm chord(:Gb, :minor7) chord(:Ab, "m7-5") chord(:A, :major7) chord(:B, :minor7) chord(:Db, :minor7) chord(:D, :major7) chord(:E, "7")
Gm chord(:G, :minor7) chord(:A, "m7-5") chord(:Bb, :major7) chord(:C, :minor7) chord(:D, :minor7) chord(:Eb, :major7) chord(:F, "7")
Abm chord(:Ab, :minor7) chord(:Bb, "m7-5") chord(:B, :major7) chord(:Db, :minor7) chord(:Eb, :minor7) chord(:E, :major7) chord(:Gb, "7")
Am chord(:A, :minor7) chord(:B, "m7-5") chord(:C, :major7) chord(:D, :minor7) chord(:E, :minor7) chord(:F, :major7) chord(:G, "7")
Bbm chord(:Bb, :minor7) chord(:C, "m7-5") chord(:Db, :major7) chord(:Eb, :minor7) chord(:F, :minor7) chord(:Gb, :major7) chord(:Ab, "7")
Bm chord(:B, :minor7) chord(:Db, "m7-5") chord(:D, :major7) chord(:E, :minor7) chord(:Gb, :minor7) chord(:G, :major7) chord(:A, "7")